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Gin Rummy Rules & Basics
Gin Rummy Rules and Basics
Gin Rummy is the most popular 2-player card game of skill in English speaking countries. Do you know that even the former US president plays Gin Rummy with his aides and adisors? At GameColony.com, online gin is played by two players with a standard 52-card pack. Players can select the maximum points for a game (from 50 to 300). In a standard 100 point game, the winner will be the 1-st player who reaches 100 points which may take several deals.
Cards rank A 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 J Q K where ace A costs 1 point, subsequent cards cost their nominal value up to 10, however Jack, Queen, King cost also 10 points each.
The object in gin rummy game is to collect sets of 3 or more cards that go together. Such matching collections of cards are called melds.The melds either have to be of the same rank, like all sevens, or forming a sequence of the same suit like 7,8,9 of hearts.
At the end, whatever cards are left in players hand that are NOT in melds, are called deadwood. Deadwood incurs penalties equivalent to the sum of their values. In the course of the game, players would try to discard unwanted cards and collect cards that would form melds.
Gin Rummy Online: Rules
In online gin rummy, 10 cards each are dealt to 2 players. The 21-st card is opened face up and put next to the deck. This card is often referred to as upcard or up card. At each turn players draw a card by dragging it or double-clicking it from either the closed deck or from upcard. When a player discards a card (by either dragging or double-clicking), the discarded card is placed on top of the current upcard effectively becoming the new upcard.
Only at the very start of gin-rummy game, either player (starting with the non-dealer) gets a choice either to exchange one of the cards from their hands with an upcard or to select a Pass button to pass this opportunity. Until 1st upcard is either passed or exchanged by both players, no drawing from the closed deck is allowed.
If both players pass (refuse) the very first upcard, the non-dealer must start a game by drawing the top card from the closed deck. He adds this card to his hand and discards ANY card on top of the original upcard to build the waste pile.
Thereafter, each player in turn must draw and add to his hand either the unknown top card from the closed deck OR the known upcard on the very top of the waste pile. In either case, the online player completes his turn by discarding one card face up to the waste pile. It is not permitted to draw the upcard and discard it on the same turn.
The melds that a player is building may be either a set or a run of cards:
A hand consisting entirely of melds with no deadwood is described as gin and carries a bonus. The on-line player, however, does not have to wait for gin but may end a game as soon as the total value of his unmatched deadwood is 10 or less. (This is called maximum knocking value. It is set at 10 for pure gin rummy.
During online play melds are not revealed they are kept secretly in hand.
Oklahoma VariationWhile in regular Gin the knocking value is always 10, for the optional Oklahoma variation that GameColony.com supports, the maximum knocking value can be lower than 10
The knocking value in Oklahoma variation is determined by the value of the initial upcard. For example, such knocking value can be 2 if the initial upcard is 2. Initial Ace as an upcard, however, is a special case in Oklahoma -- the knocking can happen only with a Gin hand (0 points in deadwood).
Oklahoma variation is sometimes played with a rarely used optional double-spades rule. This rule, however, is present in amateur games only as it diminishes the level of total required skill. Standard Oklahoma without double-spade rule is implemented at GameColony.com.
Knocking, Ginning and Laying-off
When on line player is satisfied with the low value of deadwood in his hand,
he ends the game by theoretically knocking on the table AFTER he has
drawn an 11-th card and BEFORE discarding the last card [knock button]. The final discarded card is
placed face up on the closed stock. It is very important to place the final discard onto the closed stock.
If the knocker has the lower count of deadwood, he scores the the difference between their values of deadwood. For gin, the knocker adds a 25 point bonus.
If the knocker has higher or equal value of deadwood, the knocker receives a 25 point penalty for undercut plus any difference in deadwood values.
The 2 last cards of the deck may not be taken. If neither player has knocked before then, the hand is declared a draw and the deck is reshuffled for the next hand.
The score is kept cumulatively for each player on line. The winner adds his score for the hand to his previous total in order to make it clear when 100 has been reached or exceeded. At GameColony.com 100 total points is a default setting, but players can choose 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300
The game ends as the player reaches the agreed upon number of points.Finishing the hand and the 50-th card rule
Modern Tournament Gin Rummy rules add an extra detail to the situation when the stock pile is reduced to the last two cards. It is called the 50th card rule (the fiftieth card rule). If neither player knocks or gins and the 50th card is drawn from the stock pile, leaving two cards there, the 50-th card rule states that both players may have action on the 50th card. In other words, if one player draws the 50th card and doesn't knock, this player has to discard any open card to the discard pile. The opponent, then, will have the option either to take this open card and knock or pass (without taking this open card). If nobody uses the 50th card for knocking, the hand ends with a draw.
To clarify, the 50th card rule relates to the situation when there are just 3 cards left in the closed stock and the hand is not over yet. Below is a step-by-step description of the game play and possibilities:
(1) Player A takes the 50th card and does not knock
(2) Player A discards some open card to a discard pile
(3) At this time, Player B has an extra "Pass" button that lights up. Player B also has a red 'guiding' message saying that it is possible to click the "Pass" button & draw this hand OR take this open card and knock
4) If Player B does not knock, he/she discards some card to a discard pile and the hand is finished in a draw
Auto-selection and player selection of melds at knocking
Unless a player uses 'Knocker Selects All Melds' table preference, in case of multiple melds, only the meld with the minimum points gets auto-selected. (Melds are shown as straight vertical or horizontal lines drawn on cards unless the option "Don't Mark Melds" is used.)